Edward Isaac Golladay

38th Tennessee Infantry Regiment
U.S. Congressman

Son of Isaac Golladay and Elizabeth Shall
Husband of Lucinda Louise Cossitt

Edward I. Golladay

Courtesy of The Library of Congress
From the Brady-Handy Collection

Edward was eighteen year old when he graduated with a B.A. degree from Cumberland University in 1848 and afterwards he began his studies in the law department there. Upon receiving his law degree in 1849, he began his law practice in Lebanon. In 1851, he married the Lou Cossitt. She was the daughter of the Reverend Franceway R. Cossitt, who was the first President of Cumberland University.

In 1857, Edward was elected to represent Wilson County in the state legislature of Tennessee as a member of the Whig party. He was in favor of maintaining the Union in 1860 and he was elected as a presidential elector for the Union party.

E.I. Golladay

Edward was 5' 10" in height and had black hair. His eyes were described as "dark, piercing black eyes." On 14 September 1861, Edward enlisted in the 38th Tennessee Infantry Regiment at Camp Abington and was then elected to the rank of Captain. His company was designated as "Captain Golladay's Company of Looney's Regiment Tennessee Infantry". Years later, a newspaper article published in June 1896 told of Company H of the 38th Tennessee Infantry Regiment . The article stated "Company H left Lebanon, the 11th day of September, 1861, commanded by E.I. Golladay, and a bigger hearted man never lived". On 26 October 1861, he was elected to the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel.

William Gannaway Brownlow was a newspaperman in east Tennessee and was a strong pro-Union advocate. After Tennessee seceded, Brownlow was arrested for his oratory and writings against the Confederate government. He was later released and sent outside the South, as he had requested. In March, 1865, Brownlow succeeded Andrew Johnson as governor of Tennessee. He wrote of an encounter with Edward as follows:

Saturday, Dec. 14, 1861

"Three officers visited me today. Lieutenant-Colonel Golladay stated to me that, whilst he was not informed as to what they would do with me, he was in favor of sending me to Nashville, boarding me at a hotel, giving me the privileges of the city until the war was over, but confining me to its limits. I told him that his mode of punishment was not severe, but that I preferred his Government should carry out its stipulations with me and send me beyond their limits."

- from Sketches of the Rise, Progress, and Decline of Secession: With a Narrative of Personal Adventures among the Rebels (page 316

The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion has two mentions of Edward as shown below:

"I sent to Richmond Lieut. Col. E. J. Golladay (1), one of my best-informed and discreet officers, to represent to you more fully the true condition of my command. His suggestions may perhaps be of service in shaping the proper policy proper to pursue in the region of the country of which I have spoken."

- from letter written December 13, 1861 by CSA Brigadier-General William H. Carroll to Confederate Secretary of War Judah P. Benjamin

(1) Note: Edward's initials are sometimes incorrectly transcribed as E. J. Golladay instead of E. I. Golladay

The Alabama 5th Infantry Battalion in the Army of the Mississippi was commanded by Edward, and was called Golladay's Battalion. This unit was short lived between March-April 1862 before it consolidated with another regiment.

"Lieutenant-Colonel Golladay has orders to march tonight with Alabama Battalion to aid you."

- from letter written March 16, 1862 by Henry Craft (Acting Assistant Adjutant-General) to Colonel R.F. Looney in Eastport with orders to take a position at Yellow Creek

The battles that Edward fought in are noted as follows:

"He participated in the engagements at Hartville, Shiloh, Pittsburg Landing, Chickasaw, Monterey, and Corinth. In November 1863, he was captured in Wilson County and sent to General Lovell H. Rousseau, commanding at Nashville; gave his parole, and a bond not to engage in further hostilities; was released and remained within Federal lines. He resumed his law practice both in Lebanon and Nashville."

- from Sketches of Prominent Tennesseans, 1888

Further clarification of Edward is described in a letter written by Alvan C. Gillem.

"In that County we were received with great enthusiasm the poor people bringing their few bundles of oats as a gift - I have ordered everything paid for except in case of disloyalty & in some instances I have fed notoriously disloyal men almost out of house and home, by way of furnishing them a contrast with their loyal neighbors. Most of the disloyal men of note have protections (2) I hope they have benefited by them, among the number Col. Golliday late of the Confederate army."

(2) Since December, 1862, the citizen who took an oath of allegiance and executed a bond "for the faithful observance of peace" could receive a "Guarantee of Protection," entitling him to "the full enjoyment of his property," with foraging officers required to exercise "all possible care" and to give receipts subject to subsequent payment for all property taken.

- from The Papers of Andrew Johnson, Volume 7, 1864-1865, Leroy P. Graf, Editor

Edward's only child, Fanny C. Golladay, was born during the war on 28 July 1864.

Edward was elected to the Forty-second Congress (04 March 1871- 03 March 1873) as a Democrat. Although Edward remained an ardent defender of Southern rights, he made this reconciliatory speech after the Civil War:

"Hon. Edward I. Golladay delivered a feeling and eloquent address at the decoration of the Confederate graves on the battle-field at Franklin, Tenn., on Sunday, May 28, closing with the words: "May the hour come when the mourners all over the nation may bind up their stricken hearts in one common love! May we remembering the illustrious LEE, foremost of all the war, and the greatest of the great, imitate his virtue, and know that when he furled his banner, he left not on record, to the day of his death, a word or sentiment at which his quondam enemies dared utter complaint. Remembering him and practicing his wisdom and example, let us decorate our dead. Bring flowers."

- from The New York Times, 10 June 1871

He was in poor health and staying with his daughter in Columbia, South Carolina when he died on 11 July 1897 at age 66.

Grave of Edward I. Golladay

CSA flag  
Buried at: Cedar Grove Cemetery in Lebanon (Wilson County), Tennessee   CSA flag

This page last updated on August 21, 2010