Jacob Albert Golladay

23rd Virginia Cavalry
Company K
Signal Corps

Son of Benjamin Golladay and Mary Smith
Husband of Sarah Ellen Orebaugh

Jacob enlisted in May 1863 before he was sixteen years old. He was 5' 4 1/2" tall with blue eyes, light hair, and fair complexion. He served under Colonel Charles O'Ferrall and Captain Bartlett.

Jacob was captured 10 August 1864 at Summit Point (now in West Virginia). A report written by Colonel Charles R. Lowell, Jr. of the 2nd Massachusetts Cavalry describes the fighting when Jacob was captured:

August 10, moved to Summit Point, on extreme right of army, skirmishing near the Opequon. Eighteen prisoners captured—15 Imboden’s cavalry* and 13 Rodes’ division. August 11, crossed Opequon to Winchester, driving out 200 of enemy’s cavalry; light skirmishing; captured 5 prisoners; moved to White Post.

(Official Records, Series 1 - Vol. 43, Part I, page 486)

* Note: The 23rd Virginia Cavalry was part of Imboden’s Brigade.

On 17 August 1864, Jacob was sent to the Old Capitol Prison in Washington, D.C. Then on 28 August 1864, he was sent to the Union prison camp at Elmira, New York. Of the of 12,122 Confederate soldiers that were imprisoned at Elmira, 2,933 died from disease, malnutrition, and exposure to the harsh New York winter weather. The death rate at the Elmira prison of 24 percent, which was comparable to the death rate at the Confederate prison at Andersonville.

The Elmira camp was closed on 05 July 1865, but Jacob was not released until 07 July 1865. This indicates that he had been sick, because prisoners who were in the hospital were not released until they were well enough to travel. Jacob listed Winchester, Virginia as his place of residence on his Oath of Allegiance that he was required to sign for his release.

Jacob was 68 years old and living near Moores Store (Timberville P.O.) when he filed a pension application on 29 December 1914. He stated his disability as infirmities of old age and rheumatism. He died on 07 June 1921.

Grave of Jacob A. Golladay and wife

CSA flag   Buried at: St. Luke's United Church of Christ Cemetery in Moores Store, Virginia   CSA flag
(This cemetery is sometimes called the County Line Cemetery)

Grave location tip: Jacob's grave is approximately four rows back from the church driveway on the west side of the cemetery. The grave faces the north edge of the wooden part of the church and can be identified by the double monument.

This page last updated on April 11, 2011