Jacob Shall Golladay

U.S. Congressman

Son of Isaac Golladay and Elizabeth Shall
Husband of Elizabeth Cheatham

Jacob Shall Golladay Courtesy of The Library of Congress
From the Brady-Handy Collection

Jacob was born and raised in Lebanon, Tennessee. In 1838, he moved to Nashville where he worked for Saunders and Martin, wholesale merchants. In 1845, he moved to Logan County, Kentucky. In 1848, he married Elizabeth Cheatham

Jacob was active in Kentucky state politics before the Civil War. He was member of the State Legislature in 1850, 1851, and 1853 as the representative from Logan County. He was a State Senator from 1853 until 1855. Jacob delivered an obituary address on the death of Henry Clay in the General Assembly of the Senate and House of Representatives of Kentucky on 08 February 1854.

Jacob was also a farmer who owned slaves.

Slave listing for Jacob Shall Golladay

In 1860, Jacob was elected as a Bell and Everett elector for the Constitutional Union Party of the 3rd Congressional District of Kentucky. This party still favored the Union, but wanted compromise and peaceful solutions to nation's problems.

After the Civil War in 1867, Jacob was elected to the Fortieth Congress to fill the vacancy after the death of Judge Elijah Hise. He was re-elected to the Forty-first Congress and served until 28 February 1870, when he resigned after being charged with selling a cadetship.

"… it is well that the Radical press of the country should misrepresent the case of Hon. J.S. Golliday, Democrat, who resigned his seat in order to go before his constituents and vindicate himself from the charges made against him? The facts of the case are well known. He waited until the evidence was all in and then contrary to the advice of his friends resigned. It was to be expected that the Radical press would distort Golladay’s action into an evidence of his guilt, but that the Democratic press of Kentucky should join the “hue and cry” of the enemies of our party was scarce to be expected. Mr. Wm. Brown counsel for Mr. Golliday in a letter to the Courier-Journal asks a suspension of public opinion until the report of the committee on military affairs is given. Surely we can believe a report of a Radical committee when it is favorable as this report must be from the evidence before them. We ask from the entire Democratic press, not only in justice to Mr. Golliday but in justice to our party, that any thing reflecting in the least degree on him be scouted at as malicious until the report be rendered. We would in the name of justice ask of the Radical press as much, but we know how glad they are to “throw dirt, hoping some of it will stick” to expect anything but a repetition of the unfounded charges against Mr. Golliday, which when the committee report will exculpate him from the least reflection on his honor."

- The Louisiana Democrat (Alexandria) , 06 April 1870, page 2

This charge was investigated by the Military Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives and Jacob was acquitted. It was determined that the false charge had been made against him for malicious political purposes

The location of Jacob's farm was north of Keysburg. The "Atlas of Logan County, Kentucky" (1877) shows the Golliday (sic) farm as just south of Allensville & Mason Mill Road and on the east side of the Russellville and Keysburg Road. These roads apparently have been renamed. Allensville & Mason Mill Road is now called the James Rose Road. Further work is needed to determine to the current name of the Russellville and Keysburg Road.

Jacob later worked as a lawyer in Allensville and Russellville. He died on 20 May 1887.

 Christian cross  Buried at: Maple Grove Cemetery in Russellville, Kentucky  Christian cross

This page last updated on September 06, 2012